Peshmerga

Peshmerga

nadia-murad

Peshmerga (Central Kurdish: پێشمەرگە‎, translit. Pêşmerge, IPA: [peːʃmɛɾˈɡɛ]) are the military forces of the autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan. The overall formal head of the peshmerga is the President of Iraqi Kurdistan. The peshmerga force itself is largely divided and controlled separately by the Democratic Party of Kurdistan and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, although both pledge allegiance to the Kurdistan Regional Government. Efforts are under way to gather the entire force under the Ministry of Peshmerga Affairs.[3] Peshmerga forces are responsible for defending the land, people and institutions of Iraqi Kurdistan.[4]

b-zbbim-exu

Because the Iraqi Army is forbidden by law from entering Iraqi Kurdistan,[5][6] the peshmerga, along with other Kurdish security subsidiaries, are responsible for the security of the Kurdish Region.[7][8][9] These subsidiaries include Asayish (official intelligence agency), Parastin u Zanyarî and (Dzha Terror) (assisting intelligence agency) and the Zeravani (military police).

Peshmerga
پێشمەرگه
Pêşmerge
Flag of Kurdistan.svg

The flag of Kurdistan which Peshmerga uses as their emblem, uniform patch, and battle flag alongside the Iraqi flag.
Active Early 1920s–present
Allegiance Iraqi Kurdistan
Branch Army
Size 150,000[1]–200,000[2]
Headquarters Erbil هةولير(Hewlêr)
March Ey Reqîb
Engagements
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief Masoud Barzani
Minister of Peshmerga Affairs Mustafa Qadir Mustafa Aziz
Chief of Staff Lieutenant General Jabar Yawar
Notable
commanders

In 2003, during the Iraq War, peshmerga were said to have played a key role in the mission to capture Saddam Hussein.[10][11] In 2004, they captured key al Qaeda figure Hassan Ghul, who revealed the identity of Osama Bin Laden‘s messenger, which eventually led to Operation Neptune Spear and the death of Osama Bin Laden.[12][13]

aaa12al_andalus__christian_kingdoms060515isouth-america-islamph10sauntitleddfgaMap_of_Central_America1

Following a large-scale Islamic State offensive against Iraqi Kurdistan in August 2014, peshmerga and Kurdish forces from neighboring countries have been waging war against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in both Iraq and Syria.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s